Many countries wish to go back to the moon. The moon is the fifth-largest planetary satellite in our solar system. It circles the Earth, changing tides, affecting weather, and possibly even influencing human behavior.
You can’t reach it by extending your arm, plucking it from the sky to give to someone you care about. It is quite far away, and reaching it is no small task.
Many nations have attempted to reach it, with only America sending a human-crewed mission to step foot on its surface.
Now, India, Russia, Japan, Europe, South Korea, and others look forward to reaching the moon in the future.
While few have touched its surface, unmanned probes have been sent to study it. Understanding the moon, it is thought, may tell us what kind of resources are available on the moon, which may help us to extend our reach further out across the galaxy.
Countries need to go back to the moon because of the desire for innovation. Throughout history, leaving the Earth has attracted our interest. Humans wish to explore space and understand its mysteries. Missions to space are the only way to capture information. Space exploration acts as a driving force for technology and encourages new innovations into science, engineering, and developing national pride.
Recently, India recently launched the Chandrayaan – 2 probe into orbit across the moon. It is the most awaited space mission in India. It is a slightly versatile mission for the Indian space community. The spacecraft will gently drop a lander on the lunar surface after reaching lunar orbit. For the next week, it will analyze the chemical composition of rocks and soil on the surface. China too has a probe, called Chang’e 4 that has the same goal. The hope is that these probes will help the countries economic stability and provide a strong motivation to go further. The moon is also unclaimed territory. Helium 3 is an isotopic element available in the moon that some people think could be valuable here on Earth, or for use in spacecraft venturing out deeper into space.
Better for New Discoveries
But before the final step of developing a base on the moon, space agencies need to launch a successful mission first. Radio communication is relatively short on earth and moon. The moon has a lack of atmosphere and low gravity.
India’s Chandaryaan – 1 and Japan’s Selene spacecraft sought to explore the distribution of minerals on the moon. The probes found the presence of water and ice. This will matter as transporting resources from Earth to the moon requires extra fuel and storage tanks. Being able to harvest resources directly from the moon will make living on the moon and in space easier.